BBYAC June Session – The Iron Age and Pen-y-Crug Hillfort

For our June session BBYAC had a fun filled session learning all about the Iron Age with the help of our local hillfort, the rather fabulous Pen-y-Crug, described by the Royal Commission of Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales  ‘as one of the great achievements in planning and construction of Iron Age Wales’ (

It is quite a walk up to Pen-y- Crug from Brecon, and inevitably most of it is up hill!  So, on the way, after a quick quiz and discussion about the Iron Age, we got our Iron Age thinking caps on and tried to think like our Iron Age ancestors and collect materials in our finds bags that our Iron Age ancestors would have used.

DSCF1312Here we on our way to the hillfort, collecting materials.

When we reached the hillfort remains we explored the defensive ditches and ramparts, learning what an effective defence they would have been – against the elements, against predators such as wolves and bears, against neighbouring tribes, and against the Romans!  We used the contents of our bags and some photos of famous archaeological treasures to find out about daily life in the Iron Age and what material our ancestors used – for their houses, for their clothes, for their food, for their jewelry – and how they lived.

We then used some blue face paint, as a substitute for woad, to paint our faces like Iron Age warriors and tried out the defences, before heading back down the hill to Brecon.

DSCF1321Here are our Iron Age warriors hiding out in the Bracken lying in wait for a surprise attack on the Romans!

We were also able to try out our new Brecon Beacons YAC high-vis vests for the first time.  Here were are looking very snazzy, modelling our vis-vests having a rest half way up to the hillfort!

Vis vests 2



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